Rhododendron ungernii


Rhododendron ungernii (511-77)

This species is in Subsection Pontica, along with many of our most familiar species (maximum, ponticum, catawbiense, brachycarpum, smirnowii and yakushimanum). It seems most closely related to smirnowii. It was named after Baron F. von Ungern-Sternberg, 1800-1868, a professor at Dorpat University.

R. ungernii is found in Northeast Turkey in the Caucasus Mountains at 2500-7000 feet. It generally grows on the north side of steep, moist, shady slopes along with beech, spruce, and fir. R. ungernii is often found with ponticum and smirnowii though the range of ungernii is broader than that of R. smirnowii and extends into Russia. Natural hybrids of ungernii and R. smirnowii are often found.

R. ungernii was first found by G. N. Kazbek in 1874 near Artvina, a city near the Black Sea in Turkey. Twelve years later it was described by E. R. Trautvetter. In 1886 it was brought to the St. Petersburg Botanical Garden and from there both ungernii and smirnowii were introduced into western Europe and then North America.

The growth habit of ungernii is open and upright, 8-20 feet high. The leaves, oblong-oblanceolate, are retained for 2-3 years. They are not as shiny as those of R. smirnowii but longer, 8-10 inches. The dense indumentum is a wooly, fawn grey. The inflorescence has up to 12-25 funnel-bell shaped white or pale pink flowers with pale green spots; it forms a lax truss. ungernii blooms later and lasts longer than many other rhododendrons. The ovary is densely glandular. Records show that it takes R. ungernii 10-20 years before it produces flowers (whereas smirnowii blooms in 6 years).


Synonyme :
Nom commun ou anglais :


Le 8 mai au Jardin botanique de Montréal

Rusticité réputée : -23 ºC

Zone de rusticité : n/d
Particularités : n/d



  • Couleur dominante : n/d
  • Nuance des couleurs : (white to pale pink)
  • Couleur de la macule : La gorge de la corolle est rouge bourgogne. (with green spotting) À confirmer
  • Couleur des étamines : Les filets et le style sont blancs. Les anthères sont presque noirs. À confirmer
  • Nombre des étamines : n/d
  • Fragrant ou non : n/d
  • Longueur x largeur : n/d
  • Forme : (funnel-campanulate)
  • Nombre de fleurs dans l'inflorescence : De 20 à 30 fleurs.
  • Particularités : Le pédoncule est rouge.
  • Couleur : (with a dense white to fawn indumentum)
  • Couleurs automnales : n/d
  • Longueur x largeur : 25 cm
  • Forme : Oblancéolée à obovale.
  • Caduque ou persistante : n/d
  • Lépidote ou élépidote : n/d
  • Particularités : La bord de la feuille est plein de petits poils. (À préciser)



  • Forme : (fairly compact to erect shrub)
  • Hauteur x largeur (après 10 ans) : 150 cm
  • Particularités : n/d

  • Origine géographique : Nord-Est de la Turquie, Caucase.
  • Subgenus : Hymenanthes
  • Section : Pontica
  • Subsection : Pontica